Michael L. Balogh
University of Waterloo

Astrophysics and Gravitation Group
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PHYS 275: Astrophysics 1 - Solar System

Winter 2007

Instructor:
Office Phone:
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Office Hours:
Class Location:
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My availability:
Michael Balogh
888-4567 x37518
PHY 254
mbalogh@uwaterloo.ca
Tues 2:30-5:30
PHY145
13:00-14:20 Tuesdays & Thursdays
My Agenda
Course TA:
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Mayumi Onishi
Phys 207
35074
monishi@sciborg.uwaterloo.ca

Textbooks

Required: Moons and Planets, W.K. Hartmann
Suggested: Physical processes in the solar system, John D. Landstreet

Course Description

This course provides an introduction to the Solar system. We will explore:

Lectures

All lecture materials are at https://uwangel.uwaterloo.ca/uwangel/frameIndex.htm

Course outline and useful information

LectureDateContentLINKSChapters
H=Hartmann
L=Landstreet
Assignment
Lecture 1Jan 4 The solar system
  • An inventory: Planets and moons
  • Sizes and distances
ppt
Notes
L1,H21
Due Fri, Jan 12
Lecture 2Jan 9 Celestial Mechanics
  • Orbits
  • Kepler's laws
ppt
Notes
H31
Due Fri, Jan 12
Lecture 3Jan 11 Orbits
  • Orbital energy
  • Orbital resonance
ppt
Notes
H3,L12
Due Fri, Jan 19
Lecture 4Jan 16 Solar System Physics
  • Tidal forces
  • Rings
  • Radiation pressure
ppt
Notes
H3,L12
Due Fri, Jan 19
Lecture 5Jan 18 Light and matter
  • Blackbody radiation
  • Kirchoff's laws
  • Doppler shifts
  • States of matter
ppt
Notes
L23
Due Fri, Jan 26
Lecture 6Jan 23 The Sun and other stars I
  • Types of stars
  • The solar interior
  • Energy sources
ppt
Notes
L33
Due Fri, Jan 26
Lecture 7Jan 25 The Sun part II and Meteorites part I
  • Energy transport in the Sun
  • The solar atmosphere
  • Meteor sizes and trajectories
ppt
Notes
H6,L3,L54
Due Fri, Feb 2
Lecture 8Jan 30 Meteor ages and origins
  • Differentiation
  • Chondrites
  • Primeval impact rates
  • Radioactive decay
  • Origins
ppt
Notes
H6,L54
Due Fri, Feb 2
Lecture 9Feb 1 Asteroids
  • Asteroid families
  • Sizes and albedos
  • Composition and interiors
ppt
Notes
H7,L65
Due Fri, Feb 16
Lecture 10Feb 6 Asteroids and Comets
  • Heat sources
  • Energy balance
ppt
Notes
H7,L6,L75
Due Fri, Feb 16
Lecture 11Feb 8 Comets
  • Sublimation
  • Orbits and origins
  • Coma and tails
  • Comet nuclei
ppt
Notes
H7,L75
Due Fri, Feb 16
Lecture 12Feb 13 Star formation
  • The interstellar medium
  • Jeans mass
  • Star formation
ppt
Notes
H5,L46
Due Mon, Mar 5
Lecture 13Feb 15 Planet formation
  • Stellar disks
  • Condensation
  • Planetesimals
  • Gravitational accretion
ppt
Notes
H5,L46
Due Mon, Mar 5
Feb 19-23: Reading Week
MidtermFeb 27
Lecture 14March 1 Terrestrial interiors
  • Planet densities
  • Moment of inertia
  • Seismology
  • Heat sources and transport
ppt
Notes
H8,L8,L97
Due Mon, Mar 12
Lecture 15March 6 Planetary surfaces
  • Rocks
  • Craters
  • Surface ages
ppt
Notes
H9,L97
Due Mon, Mar 12
Lecture 16March 8 Planetary surfaces
  • Volcanoes
  • Tectonics
  • Atmospheric effects
  • Chemistry
ppt
Notes
H108
Due Mon, Mar 19
Lecture 17March 13 Terrestrial bodies
  • Small bodies: From Deimos to Ganymede
ppt
Notes
H10,L98
Due Mon, Mar 19
Lecture 18March 15 Terrestrial bodies
  • Mercury
  • Mars, Venus, Earth
ppt
Notes
H10,H13,L8,L99
Due Mon, Mar 26
Lecture 19March 20 Terrestrial atmospheres
  • Thermal structure
  • Chemical structure
  • Greenhouse effect
  • Winds
  • Escape of atmospheres
  • Venus, Mars, Titan
ppt
Notes
H11,L109
Due Mon, Mar 26
Lecture 20March 22 The gas giants
  • Composition and interiors
  • Heat balance
  • Clouds
  • Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, Neptune
ppt
Notes
H11,L1110
Due Mon, Apr 2
Lecture 21March 27 Extrasolar planets
  • Detection methods
  • Inventory
  • Future missions
  • Novae
  • Type 1a supernovae
ppt
Notes
-10
Due Mon, Apr 2
Lecture 22March 29 Extraterrestrial life
  • Early Earth conditions
  • Amino acids
  • Extremophiles
  • Atmospheric development
  • The Drake equation
  • Life in the solar system
  • SETI
ppt
Notes
H12N/A
-
April 3 Exam Review
Please note: Any copyrighted images contained in these lectures are the property of their authors.

Grading Policy

10 assignments: 25%
Midterm: 35%
Final exam: 40%

Attendance Policy

Not all the information needed for the assignments and exams can be found in the main course textbook. Therefore regular class attendance is strongly encouraged. Attendance is less crucial if you read the Landstreet text as well as the Hartmann, but there will still be some lecture material not found in either book.

Academic Integrity

Collaboration on assignments is permitted, but you must:
a) declare the names of all collaborators
b) present your own, individual solution. Direct copying is not allowed.
c) understand and be able to defend your solution if challenged.